My students are very good at knowing what is going to happen in a story, but they don’t know to say it. They often simply write out their plot. This ends up being more like an outline than a story. As such I came up with a phrase that I teach them and then stress throughout the process. That phrase is “show not tell”. What I mean by that is rather than just say what is happening you need to make the reader see it, live it. You need to use all five senses to make your writing feel real.
Many students, and in fact many people, have trouble with this idea. They would rather tell the story as it happened, much like they would while talking to a friend. What I do to combat this is to show them a simple story written both ways. Once they see how boring a “tell” story is they are more able to “show.”
Another thing I do with my students is to make sense charts. These charts lists the five senses and the students must fill it out about a character or setting. This helps them think of adjectives to use while writing.
While I typically use this technique with teenagers it could also easily be applied to any author. Any time you feel like you’re writing needs something more try using a sense chart. You would be surprised what this can add to a story.